The critical spirit that soon grew into a revolt against authority and tradition, absolutism and collectivism of church and the state. Modern philosophy began as revolt against the religion- oriented thinking of the medieval period and had its origin in the new intellectual awakening, the Renaissance. Thinkers developed a keen critical faculty. They refused to accept traditions and scriptures without critical examination. Descartes’ methodic doubt influenced the thinkers to never accept anything as true without doubting. There was a tendency to liberate every aspect of the society from the influence of the church. Philosophy at this time also shared the time to free search for a definite knowledge.
(Source: BPY008/Block 1/Unit 1/Page 8)