How to Study Philosophy? (Practical Guide)

A beginners guide to study philosophy including introductory philosophy books, online philosophy resources and useful links.

A friend has asked that how to study philosophy. There are different articles on the internet about this topic but almost every article has some problem. The problem regarding the approach to philosophy. There are a few tips I want to share with you on this subject. Without wasting your time, lets start…

1. Never read philosophy according to your interest, just go academically.

A lot of people when start to read philosophy, they just read one or two authors. Without understanding philosophy, they start reading different philosophers. There are many friends who read Continue reading “How to Study Philosophy? (Practical Guide)”

BPY004 Religions of the World – IGNOU Solved Assignment 2015-16

1. Explain the views of sociologists Emile Durkheim and Auguste Comte on religion. (Answer)
Explain the personal and social ethics that one is expected to practice in hinduism?

2. Present a detailed note on the Foundations of religious belief.
Elaborately discuss the five pillars of Islam. (Answer) Continue reading “BPY004 Religions of the World – IGNOU Solved Assignment 2015-16”

BPY003 Ancient and Medieval Western Philosophy – IGNOU Solved Assignment 2015-16

1. Explain and interpret the notion of being in Parmenides. (Answer)


Explain the intellectual and social context of sophist thought. Discuss the significance of sophist method of enquiry and thought in general.

2. Write a critical essay on the concepts of one and good in the philosophy of Plotinus. (Answer) Continue reading “BPY003 Ancient and Medieval Western Philosophy – IGNOU Solved Assignment 2015-16”

BPY002 Logic – Classical and Symbolic Logic – IGNOU Solved Assignment 2015-16

1. Explain word, concept, and term in detail. (Answer)


Seen from different standpoints, how propositions are classified into different types? Discuss each type. (Answer)

2. Discuss in detail various types of dilemmas. Present possible ways applied to avoid them. (Answer) Continue reading “BPY002 Logic – Classical and Symbolic Logic – IGNOU Solved Assignment 2015-16”

Indian Scriptures – Epics

In this article we will talk about the Indian epics. There are specially two epics named Ramayana and Mahabharata. These two epics have influenced literature for several centuries in all parts of India. We are not concerned with the literary value of these two epics but we are interested in philosophical value. Since there is nothing philosophically new in Ramayana so we need not consider it. It is sufficient to know that Ramayana is based on the principles of Sanatana Dharma and duties of ruler. Mahabharata is valuable philosophically. Continue reading “Indian Scriptures – Epics”

Indian Scriptures – Kalpa Sutras

Kalpa Sutra is one of the six parts of Vedangas. Kalpa means ritual and sutra means formula. Kalpa sutras are so-called because it contains the prescriptions for actions in the form of formulas. The simple meaning of Kalpa Sutras is formulas to perform actions. Kalpa Sutras provide information on four types of actions – shrauta, grihya, dharma and shulbha. All the explanations given in sutras are brief, unambiguous and complete in essence. The first three type of actions are common to Rig-Veda, Yajurveda and Samaveda but the fourth type is a little bit different. Every type of action or class has distinct commands and so constitutes rituals. Continue reading “Indian Scriptures – Kalpa Sutras”

Indian Scriptures – Vedangas

There are four Vedas in Indian tradition. Their names are Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. Vedas are so much difficult to understand; have mysterious and hidden meanings in every word, so there is a particular system to understand the Vedas which is called ‘Vedangas’. It is said that without the complete understanding of Vedangas, one can never understand the true meaning of Vedas. So before going into Vedas, we must understand the Vedangas. Continue reading “Indian Scriptures – Vedangas”

Indian Scriptures – Dharma Shasthra & Puranas

In this article we will discuss about the sources or scriptures of Indian culture. At first, we will talk about Dharma Shasthra. The meaning of Dharma Shasthra is ‘code of conduct’. Dharma Shasthra has three divisions. The first division is ritual which means something that is done regularly and always in the same way, the second division is performing social responsibilities and third division is atonement of sins (here sin means an offence against God, religious law or moral law) and crimes. Continue reading “Indian Scriptures – Dharma Shasthra & Puranas”

A Simple View on Knowledge in Indian Tradition

Let me start this discussion on a view that every man wants to obtain knowledge. Yes, animals too have this quality but ability of man to acquire knowledge is far beyond all expectations.

What is the motive of man to acquire knowledge? What is the concept of knowledge for man? The motive and concept of knowledge can be different from man to man; so it can Continue reading “A Simple View on Knowledge in Indian Tradition”

Few Terms Used in Indian Philosophy for Reality

What is the nature of reality in Indian context? Before going into this question we must understand what reality is. This is the most difficult question to answer and most important too. Continue reading “Few Terms Used in Indian Philosophy for Reality”