The Upanishads describe the universe, and the human experience, as an interplay of Purusha (the eternal) and Prakṛti (material world). The former manifests itself as Ātman, and the latter as Māyā. The Upanishads refer to the knowledge of Atman as “true knowledge” (Vidya), and the knowledge of Maya as “not true knowledge” (Avidya). Upanishads describe Maya as “the tendency to imagine something where it does not exist, for example, atman with the body”. To the Upanishads, knowledge includes empirical knowledge and spiritual knowledge, complete knowing necessarily includes understanding the hidden principles that work, the realization of the soul of things.

The term Maya has been translated as ‘illusion,’ but then it does not concern normal illusion. Here ‘illusion’ does not mean that the world is not real and simply a figment of the human imagination. Maya means that the world is not as it seems; the world that one experiences is misleading as far as its true nature is concerned.

2 thoughts on “Maya”

  1. Not bad… to some extent you try to provide the relevant answer for MAAYAA…. however, prakruti is subjected to temporary manifestation and manifestation state too.. you would have added the similarity and contradictions to the terms, MAAYAA and PRAKRUTI…

    1. Hello friend, this writing is a part of philosophy assignment and bound by limitation of words and study material provided by university.

      This is an answer for 5 marks and written almost same as given in study material.

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