Hiranyagarbha (literally the golden fetus or golden womb) is the source of the creation of the Universe or the manifested cosmos in Indian philosophy. It finds mention in one hymn of the Rigveda (RV 10.121), known as the Hiranyagarbha sukta and presents an important glimpse of the emerging monism, or even monotheism, in the later Vedic period, along with the Nasadiya sukta suggesting a single creator deity predating all other gods. It is said that β€œHe is the God of gods, and none beside him.”, in the hymn identified as Prajapati. The Upanishads calls it the Soul of the Universe or Brahman, and elaborates that Hiranyagarbha floated around in emptiness and the darkness of the non-existence for about a year, and then broke into two halves which formed the Swarga and the Prithvi.

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