In this article we will talk about the Indian epics. There are specially two epics named Ramayana and Mahabharata. These two epics have influenced literature for several centuries in all parts of India. We are not concerned with the literary value of these two epics but we are interested in philosophical value. Since there is nothing philosophically new in Ramayana so we need not consider it. It is sufficient to know that Ramayana is based on the principles of Sanatana Dharma and duties of ruler. Mahabharata is valuable philosophically. Continue reading “Indian Scriptures – Epics”
Kalpa Sutra is one of the six parts of Vedangas. Kalpa means ritual and sutra means formula. Kalpa sutras are so-called because it contains the prescriptions for actions in the form of formulas. The simple meaning of Kalpa Sutras is formulas to perform actions. Kalpa Sutras provide information on four types of actions – shrauta, grihya, dharma and shulbha. All the explanations given in sutras are brief, unambiguous and complete in essence. The first three type of actions are common to Rig-Veda, Yajurveda and Samaveda but the fourth type is a little bit different. Every type of action or class has distinct commands and so constitutes rituals. Continue reading “Indian Scriptures – Kalpa Sutras”
There are four Vedas in Indian tradition. Their names are Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. Vedas are so much difficult to understand; have mysterious and hidden meanings in every word, so there is a particular system to understand the Vedas which is called ‘Vedangas’. It is said that without the complete understanding of Vedangas, one can never understand the true meaning of Vedas. So before going into Vedas, we must understand the Vedangas. Continue reading “Indian Scriptures – Vedangas”
In this article we will discuss about the sources or scriptures of Indian culture. At first, we will talk about Dharma Shasthra. The meaning of Dharma Shasthra is ‘code of conduct’. Dharma Shasthra has three divisions. The first division is ritual which means something that is done regularly and always in the same way, the second division is performing social responsibilities and third division is atonement of sins (here sin means an offence against God, religious law or moral law) and crimes. Continue reading “Indian Scriptures – Dharma Shasthra & Puranas”
Let me start this discussion on a view that every man wants to obtain knowledge. Yes, animals too have this quality but ability of man to acquire knowledge is far beyond all expectations.
What is the motive of man to acquire knowledge? What is the concept of knowledge for man? The motive and concept of knowledge can be different from man to man; so it can Continue reading “A Simple View on Knowledge in Indian Tradition”
What is the nature of reality in Indian context? Before going into this question we must understand what reality is. This is the most difficult question to answer and most important too. Continue reading “Few Terms Used in Indian Philosophy for Reality”
In Indian context, philosophy is considered as darshana or tattva. Before going into Indian philosophy we must understand the relation between the words philosophy, darshana and tattva; and discuss about how the meaning of these words correlates with each other. Continue reading “Philosophy, Darshana & Tattva”